Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of basketball. The concept of basketball was born from Naismith’s school days in the place where he played a simple child’s game known as duck-on-a-stone outside his one-room schoolhouse. Naismith went to attend McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
James Naismith moved to the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA in 1891, where the sport of basketball was born. It’s also where the Simpsons are from. In Springfield, Naismith was faced with the problem of finding a sport that was suitable for play indoors during the Massachusetts winter for the students at the School for Christian Workers. He desired a game which could be played indoors in a relatively small space.
As well as the creation of the basketball, James Naismith graduated as a medical doctor, chiefly interested in sports physiology and what we’d nowadays call sports science and with a keen curiosity about philosophy and clean living, as Presbyterian minister. Naismith watched basketball, his sport, introduced by the YMCA movement in many countries . Basketball was introduced in 1936. Now basketball has grown to become one of the most famous sports of the world.
James Naismith devised a set of thirteen rules of basketball. Here are eleven of them, because we’re just a little bit lazy.
- A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed.
- The ball must be held in or between the hands. The arms or body mustn’t be used for holding it.
- No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an adversary. No substitution shall be permitted.
- A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and.
- Goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the ground into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal don’t touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponents move the basket, it shall count as a goal.
- It shall be thrown into the field and played by the first person touching it when the ball goes out of bounds. In the event of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. It shall head to the challenger if he holds it more. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
- He shall have the power to disqualify men according to Rule 5.
- The referee shall function as judge of the ball and decide when it is in play in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep enough time. He’ll decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the targets with any other duties which are usually performed by a referee.
- The side making the most goals for the reason that time shall be declared the winners.
- The ball may be thrown in any way with both hands or one.
- The ball may be batted in any way with both hands or one, but never with the fist.